Refugee: Definitions

Welcome to the Online Community Sponsorship Training, provided by The Global Refugee Sponsorship Initiative.

As a first step, it is important to define the word refugee.

Who is a refugee?

A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Most likely, they cannot return home or are afraid to do so. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees fleeing their countries.

Two-thirds of all refugees worldwide come from just five countries: Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia.

Source: UNHCR, ‘What is a Refugee?’

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